Legally, national development is guided by the Constitution of the Republic of Uganda, instituted in 1995. The Constitution of the Republic of Uganda sets out objectives and State Principles that guide all organs and agencies of the State, all citizens, organizations and other bodies and persons in applying or interpreting the Constitution or any other law and in taking and implementing any policy decisions for the establishment and promotion of a just, free and democratic society.

The Constitution, under Implementation of objectives sub paragraph (ii), page 22, provides that the President shall report to Parliament and the Nation at least once a year, all steps taken to ensure the realization of these policy Objectives and Principles. In this respect, Parliament provides an oversight role over the development process and is responsible for ensuring that laws are passed for the good governance of the country and in line with national development objectives.