Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)

IGAD was created in 1996, to succeed the Intergovernmental Authority on Drought and Development (IGADD) which was founded in 1986 to deal with issues related to drought and desertification in the Horn of Africa. The new and revitalized IGAD was launched during the 5th Summit of the IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government held on 25-26 November 1996 in Djibouti. The Summit endorsed the decision to enhance regional cooperation in three priority areas of food security and environmental protection, economic cooperation, regional integration and social development, and peace and security. The regional body seeks to alleviate poverty through appropriate and effective sustainable development programmes. It is made up of eight-member countries including; Uganda, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan and South Sudan.


Most of IGAD’s achievements so far have been concentrated in the area of institutional building.  While social, political and economic integration has yet to be materialized; some of the institutional achievements of IGAD include the following:

  • The Establishment of Conflict Early Warning and Response Mechanism (CEWARN): The CEWARN entered into force in August 2003 to serve the region as a mechanism that systematically anticipates and responds to violent conflicts in a timely and effective manner, specifically at the possible point of conflict for preventive or mitigating measures to be taken. Owing to CEWARN, the role of IGAD is generally acknowledged in the peace process of Sudan and Somalia.
  • The Establishment of IGAD Climate Prediction and Application Centre (ICPAC): Like the rest of Sub-Saharan Africa, this part of the continent is prone to extreme climate such as drought and floods. These events have severe negative impact on key socio-economic sectors of all the countries in the sub-region. ICPAC relays reports every 10 days on climate changes.
  • Establishment of IGAD Women’s Desk: The Desk was established in 1999 with the aim of fostering gender mainstreaming and promoting women’s participation in IGAD programs and priority areas. It is to promote the participation of women in specific strategies and program in the Agriculture, Environmental Protection, and Economic Co-operation sectors among others.
  • Establishment of IGAD sub-regional Action Programme (IGADSRAP): The purpose of the Action Program is to identify essential areas for facilitating IGADs integration endeavors.  This was attempted by establishing the sub-regional Support Facility from the support by Global Mechanism (GM).
  • IGAD Information and Communication Services Centers: Adequate flow of information across member states is crucial in realizing the expected regional integration within the Eastern Africa.  To this end, as an important innovation, IGAD has established information sharing and communication centers which would “bring people closer together, influence governance, and help to create more solidarity and cohesiveness among societies”. The effort to creating a more integrated sub-region requires efficient dissemination of information.
  • Establishment of Marketing Information System: As a mechanism for integrating the markets of the region and laying the ground for greater integration, IGAD has established Marketing Information Systems for tradables specifically crops and livestock by developing a user-friendly website and networking points in member States.

Source: HESPI policy paper


IGAD Convenes the Second Annual IGAD Youth Forum for Peace. In December 2024, The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), Peace and Security Division concluded the Second Annual Meeting of the IGAD Youth Forum for Peace. The Second Annual IGAD Youth Forum for Peace Meeting aimed to convey the forum’s progress, discuss the role of youth in promoting peace and security in the region, and identify priority areas for engagement. The event featured panel discussions on the youth’s role in peace and security, with panelists drawn from the IGAD Peace and Security Division, youth forum council members, and regional experts with experience in youth peace and security issues.